When Marci and I started our married life, I was working in the parish of Arborfield, Red Earth and Shoal Lake in northeastern Saskatchewan. Arborfield was a farming community and Red Earth and Shoal Lake were First Nations reserves. There was a lot of driving involved. On Sundays we had a 10 a.m. service in Arborfield, I went home for a quick lunch, then left at noon for the 1.30 service at Red Earth – that was a 60 mile drive, about 40% of it on gravel roads. After the Red Earth service I then drove another 25 miles on gravel to Shoal Lake for the 3.30 service, after which I drove home just in time for a 6.00 supper. During the week I spent one day in Red Earth and one day in Shoal Lake, so you can imagine that I got to know the inside of my car fairly well!
To get to the two reserves from Arborfield I had to drive through a larger community, Carrot River. A couple of years after we moved to Arborfield a man called Marvin started a Christian bookstore in Carrot River. This was years before Chapters thought of putting a coffee shop in a bookstore, but Marvin always had a pot of coffee on, and I got into the habit of stopping in there from time to time when I was going back and forth to the reserves.
Marvin was always glad to see me and before long he started giving me books for free. It got a little embarrassing after a while. I remember saying to him one day, “Marvin, the Christian bookstore business in Carrot River can’t be very lucrative. You’re never going to make much of a profit if you keep giving me books for free”. And he smiled and said, “I know, but I’m having a lot of fun doing it!”
Marvin, you see, had discovered the secret of selfish generosity.
That sounds like a contradiction, doesn’t it? What do I mean by ‘selfish generosity’? Let’s explore it together for a few minutes.
Our epistle for today is the last part of a unit in Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians – a church Paul had founded himself a few years before. In these chapters Paul is writing to his friends in Corinth, encouraging them to get involved in a giant fundraising project he’s organizing for the benefit of the poor in Jerusalem. If there is one phrase that sums up the theme of these two chapters, it would be ‘God loves a cheerful giver’ (9:7). We’re sinful human beings and so our natural tendency is to be grudging givers; Jesus, on the other hand, is working on renovating our hearts, and so he wants us to learn that one of the great secrets to a joyful and happy life is generosity.
When you go home today I would encourage you to read through the whole of 2 Corinthians chapters 8 and 9 to get the context. In these chapters Paul points to Jesus as the great example of gospel generosity: ‘For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that by his poverty you might become rich’ (8:9). He talks about generosity in the context of our total Christian commitment, talking about his friends in the churches in Macedonia and using them as an example for the Corinthians: ‘They gave themselves first to the Lord and, by the will of God, to us’ (8:5). He talks about the principle of kingdom equality: ‘The one who had much did not have too much, and the one who had little did not have too little’ (8:15). And he also talks about generosity in poverty: the Macedonian Christians were poor but they gave anyway because they loved to give. In other words, if we wait until we think we can afford it, we’ll probably never start!
Today’s passage comes at the end of the section and our theme is ‘Selfish Generosity’. The question Paul is considering is this: Yes, there’s an obvious payoff for the Jerusalem Christians in the Corinthians’ generosity, but is there a payoff for the Corinthians, too? Is their giving for their benefit as well as Jerusalem’s? Paul thinks it is, and he spells out that payoff in our passage. Listen to verses 6-9:
The point is this: the one who sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and the one who sows bountifully will also reap bountifully. Each of you must give as you have made up your mind, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver. And God is able to provide you with every blessing in abundance, so that by always having enough of everything, you may share abundantly in every good work. As it is written, ‘He scatters abroad, he gives to the poor, his righteousness endures forever’.
Now I would suggest that this is not the normal way we think of ‘giving to charity’. Suppose I get one of those phone calls from STARS ambulance or cancer research or whatever, asking me for a donation of $100. Now, I’m a selfish human being like anyone else, so my first thought is going to be ‘What had I planned to spend that $100 on?’ I’m in competition with the charity, you see? If I keep the money, it can be of benefit to me. If I give it to them, it will be a benefit to them, which will probably be a good thing, but I won’t get anything out of it.
Paul challenges this way of thinking. The farmer who plants seed in the ground isn’t making a donation, he’s making an investment. The food he’s able to grow will be a benefit to others because they’ll be able to eat and not starve, but it will also be a benefit to the farmer, because it will bring him an income. Paul is challenging me to rethink my perspective on generosity. My gifts to the poor are not a donation; they’re an investment in the work of God’s kingdom. That work will benefit others, but it will also benefit me. I’m not just giving gifts, I’m sowing seeds, and in good time I’ll be able to reap a harvest.
So what exactly are those benefits? Paul points out three things. First, he promises that if we are generous to others, God will provide for our needs as well. In verse 8 he says,
‘And God is able to provide you with every blessing in abundance, so that by always having enough of everything, you may share abundantly in every good work’.
And in verses 10-11 he goes on to say,
‘He who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will supply and multiply your seed for sowing and increase the harvest of your righteousness. You will be enriched in every way for your great generosity’.
Note carefully what Paul says here. He doesn’t make an unconditional promise that God will give us everything we want. In fact, in other places in the New Testament Paul works hard to reduce the list of things we want; in 1 Timothy he says that godliness with contentment is great gain, and he defines contentment as being happy with food and clothing (I think if he’d lived in Alberta he would have added ‘a warm house’ as well!).
So he isn’t saying, ‘If you give generously God will reward you by pandering to your materialistic lifestyle’. Rather, as the New Living Translation puts it in verse 8, ‘God will generously provide all you need. Then you will always have everything you need and plenty left over to share with others’. Do you see God’s priority here? It’s not that I’ll be able to buy an even nicer and more expensive guitar! It’s that I’ll always have enough to provide for my basic needs, and then to continue to be generous to the poor. So it’s not an extravagant payoff, but it is a payoff!
So the first benefit is a promise that God will provide for our needs too. The second benefit is the enduring benefit of a righteous character. In verse 9 he quotes from Psalm 112, which talks about the righteous person:
‘He scatters abroad, he gives to the poor;
His righteousness endures forever’.
The Bible has a lot to say about the difference between a benefit that is only temporary and one that lasts forever. We brought nothing into this world, and it is certain that we can take nothing out with us – nothing material, that is. You’ve heard the story of the two millionaires who were discussing a friend of theirs, also a millionaire, who had died recently. One of them said, “I wonder how much he left?” The other replied, “Everything!” When we stand face to face before our maker, the size of the bank account that our relatives are fighting over won’t make a bit of difference. What will make a difference is our righteous character.
And what does righteousness mean? This quote from Psalm 112 makes it clear that it includes generosity to the poor. ‘He scatters abroad, he gives to the poor; his righteousness endures forever’. It’s not just about doing our best never to harm anyone; as someone once said, ‘a fence post can be a good Christian by that standard’! It’s about practical love for those who really need it. If we allow the Holy Spirit to shape us into the kind of people whose greatest joy is to be generous toward those who are in need, that is a benefit that will be with us forever.
Think about it for a minute; everyone thinks that when they die, they want to go to heaven. But what sort of a place is heaven? In heaven there’s no selfishness, no greed, no ownership of any kind. What kind of person can enjoy that sort of place? Can a selfish and greedy person enjoy it? Isn’t it more true to say that a selfish and greedy person who went to heaven would find it to be hell? So shouldn’t we consider it an urgent priority to ask God to change our hearts so that we can be the kind of people who will find heaven to be heaven and not hell?
Are you beginning to see how generosity can be a real benefit to us? I hope you are.
Paul has pointed out two benefits to us: God will provide for our needs, and we will have the lasting benefit of a righteous character, which will make us the kind of people who can arrive in God’s eternal kingdom and actually enjoy it! But there’s a third thing: the benefit of the prayers of those we have helped. Look at verse 14:
‘…while they (that is, the Christians in Jerusalem) long for you and pray for you because of the surpassing grace of God that he has given you’.
Actually, there are two sides to this. In verse 12 Paul refers to prayers of thanksgiving, and in verse 14 to prayers of intercession. It’s not hard to imagine what he has in mind. This wonderful gift arrives in Jerusalem, and the poor Christians there are filled with joy, because they realize that they aren’t going to starve after all. “Thank you, God, for those wonderful Christians over in Corinth!” they say; “Thank you for their love and generosity. Please bless them and give them all they need, and help them grow as followers of Jesus too”.
The most wonderful gift anyone can give us is to pray for us. As I sit at the front of the church week by week, I listen to our intercessors leading the prayers of the people, and they all do such a great job. I’m especially grateful to those who pray for me and for my family as part of their prayers. And I’m grateful for my Mum, who prays for me every night; I send her my calendar every week and I know she uses it in her prayers and asks God to bless the specific things I’m doing in this parish. And she always asks me if there’s anyone else in this parish she can pray for. You can’t put a dollar value on that; it’s priceless.
So, here are three benefits Paul points out to us: this is the payoff for our growth as joyful givers. First, God will provide for our needs too, so that we can continue to be generous. Second, we’ll be growing in righteous character, so that when we finally arrive in God’s Kingdom we’ll be the kind of people who can enjoy it, rather than finding it to be hell on earth. Thirdly, when the poor receive our gifts their hearts will overflow with thanksgiving to God and with prayers for us, and those prayers are worth more than a million dollars in the bank.
So what is our response? Let me close by pointing out to you the three things that Paul recommends to us.
First, he recommends that we give generously. Verse 6 says, ‘The point is this: the one who sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and the one who sows bountifully will also reap bountifully’. This is obvious: if the farmer wants a big crop he has to scatter a lot of seeds; if he only plants a little, he’s only going to have a small crop.
A word of caution here, though. A rich person may give more dollars than a poor person, but the gift is no sacrifice to them, because they’re still giving from their spare change. The point is not how much we give, but how much we have left over. Generous giving is sacrificial giving, giving that means there are things we’d like to do that we can’t do because of it. That’s what Paul is recommending.
The first guideline is to give generously. The second is to give freely. Verse 7 says, ‘Each of you must give as you have made up your mind, not reluctantly or under compulsion’. It’s possible to give generously with the hand but to continue to grasp the gift with your heart, and to wish you’d never given it. That sort of generosity may be a benefit to the recipient, but it won’t be a benefit to the giver. Note what Paul is saying here: no one can judge another Christian for how much they give. It’s true that in the Old Testament 10% is the standard, but what’s important is not a legalistic attachment to percentages - what’s important is that my heart is transformed so that I become the sort of person whose greatest joy is generosity. When that happens, percentages will be unimportant; I’ll be giving all the time because it brings me joy.
And that leads to the third guideline: give generously, give freely, and give cheerfully. Verse seven says, ‘God loves a cheerful giver’. God isn’t trying to make us all into miserable people who can’t even buy an ice cream cone for ourselves without feeling guilty about all the poor people who could have been helped by that $3.50! No – God is longing to increase our joy! He wants to make us happier, more cheerful people, and he knows that generosity is an infallible way to do that!
Do you want to have more joy in your life? Do you want a sense of satisfaction? Do you want to be able to go to sleep at night with a sense of joy in having made a real difference in the lives of people? Well, sisters and brothers, God wants that for you as well! Here’s an infallible rule: misers are miserable (funny how the two words are related!), but generous people are full of joy. So not just for the benefit of the poor, but for our own benefit too, let’s pray that God the Holy Spirit will change our selfish hearts into generous hearts. Will you pray that for me? I’ll pray it for you, too, and then we can continue to work on it together.